Data room

A (virtual) data room is an online database where companies can store and share confidential information. Data rooms are also used as ongoing document repositories to organize important business documents for easy and secure access.

What is a data room?

A data room, often referred to as a virtual data room, is tailored to streamline and support due diligence processes. The data room allows the company to share confidential documents and conduct Q&A sessions in a user-friendly, intuitive and secure environment. The data room is designed to provide easy-to-use procedures for all stakeholders. The solution ensures fast, transparent and secure information exchange, for example in M&A transactions, restructuring, stock exchange listings, capital acquisition, procurement, etc.

Why use a data room?

A (virtual) data room offers companies the ability to easily organize, store and share sensitive documents, and are far more cost-effective than traditional physical data rooms that used to be the norm. With a virtual data room, M&A transactions and due diligence processes can be conducted much more effectively and efficiently from almost any location.

In financial transactions, software for a virtual data room has become the standard, replacing the once ubiquitous physical data room. A physical data room had its limitations and was time consuming and inconvenient for the parties involved. With the advancement of online security (which is paramount for virtual data rooms), the physical data room became an outdated concept and was eventually replaced by the virtual data room, where organizations can securely share information regardless of their location.

The 6 most common uses of a data room

Data rooms are most commonly used to facilitate financial transactions, such as mergers and acquisitions, financings, and initial public offerings, but there are many other reasons why companies use a data room to manage sensitive documents. Here are the 6 most common uses of a data room.

1. Mergers and acquisitions

Merger and acquisition due diligence is a common use case for a data room. Merging with or acquiring other companies involves extensive research, especially providing and reviewing reams of documents.

2. Financing

For both startups and larger companies, participating in various rounds of financing is one of the keys to growing a business. And as many entrepreneurs know, convincing investors to fund a business is not exactly easy. Generally, fundraising requires extensive sharing of data and documents, especially during due diligence. During these fundraising phases, the use of a data room can facilitate the necessary exchange of sensitive information.

3. IPOs

IPOs can be particularly stressful transactions, as the decision to go public means that companies are subject to additional rules and regulations, often at the local, state, and federal levels. In addition, this transition requires more transparency for the public and potential shareholders. In order to go through all of the necessary steps for an IPO, careful document retention and management is critical, which is easily accomplished with a data room.

4. Strategic partnerships

Even when companies do not formally merge or acquire another company, it often makes sense to partner with other companies to provide a good or service, or to participate in an entirely new project. As with most partnerships, this type of arrangement undoubtedly involves significant data sharing. Again, the use of a data room is invaluable and will provide peace of mind to the executives involved in the partnership, as they can be assured that all valuable data will be protected.

5. Audits

There are many situations where external parties need to review a company’s data. For example, if lawyers, accountants or auditors need to take a look at company records or other documents, the leadership team needs to find a way to provide them with the information they need without compromising it. This is another example of how a data room can be used to facilitate document sharing within a company.

6. Secure document sharing

In any scenario where a company needs to securely share documents with service providers, investors, other external parties, or even its own employees, a reliable data room with strict security measures can greatly speed up and simplify this process. A major benefit to this is that stakeholders don’t have to worry about information being stolen or misappropriated.

Comparison: Collaboration tools (Google Docs, Dropbox) VS. data rooms

Let’s get this straight right off the bat: Solutions like Dropbox or Google Docs are not virtual data rooms. It’s important to note the difference between a data room and another document sharing service commonly referred to as a collaboration tool. On the surface, the two solutions seem similar, but their differences are significant. Collaboration tools allow users to share and work together on a file or document. They often have collaboration features that many data room vendors lack, but lack some of the other features that a data room uses to facilitate transactions and protect sensitive documents.

While these collaboration tools can be set up quickly and inexpensively, their biggest limitation is the lack of security and secure file sharing measures related to document control and audit capabilities. Therefore, it is difficult for organizations that want to share valuable, confidential or highly sensitive data to rely on this type of solution. These solutions do not have the same level of permission settings, auditing capabilities, watermarking and other features that are critical to sharing confidential business information. While they are excellent tools for everyday file sharing, they lack the professional data handling that a dedicated data room provides.


A data room can be a valuable tool for certain companies and industries, but an absolute necessity for others. Data management and security have evolved greatly, especially in recent years. As a result, it is now easier than ever to invest in and deploy a highly secure data storage solution.

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